Star Wars A new hope John Truby 22 steps


Star Wars John Truby 22 Steps


  1. Self revelation, need and desire
    1. Self revelation – doesn’t believe in himself
    2. Psychological need – Realise his potential
    3. Moral need – stop feeling sorry for himself and get in the game
    4. Desire – get out of his boring life
  2. Ghost and story world
    1. Ghost World– “He’s not a farmer, there’s too much of his father in him”
    2. Story World – Barren world devoid of excitement.
  3. Weakness and need
    1. Weakness – feels trapped, stifled, helpless
    2. Psycological need – realize his potential
    3. Moral need – stop feeling sorry and get in the game
    4. Problem – stuck on a farm working for his Uncle
  4. Inciting incident
    1. Discovery of the hidden hologram in one of the droids he just bought
  5. Desire
    1. To get out of his boring life “If there’s a bright centre in the Universe then this is the place it’s farthest from”
  6. Ally or Allies
    1. Obi Wan, the droids
  7. Opponent and or mystery
    1. Darth Vader – He keeps him on the run by hunting after his droids, he kills his mentor and attempts to blast him  before he can destroy the death star.
  8. Fake Ally opponent
    1. Han Solo – originally he’s just in it for the money and himself but by the end joins Luke and helps him succeed.
  9. First revelation and decision: Changed desire and motive
    1. Revelation – The storm troopers have killed his Aunt and Uncle
    2. Decision – Join Obi Wan on his mission
    3. Changed desire – learn how to become a Jedi
    4. Changed motive – “There’s nothing for me here now”

10. Plan

  1. Get to Alderaan and begin training as a Jedi and learn the ways of the force

11. Opponent’s plan and main counter attack

  1. Find the droids with the plans
  2. Get Princess Leia to reveal location of the base
  3. Destroy Alderaan

12. Drive

  1. Get to Alderaan but the Empire has destroyed it
  2. Get away from Death Star but tractor beam drags them in
  3. Luke wants to stay with Obi Wan but they have to split up
  4. Stay hidden but they are going to kill the Princess if they don’t rescue her
  5. Get back to the Falcon but the Storm Troopers are chasing them

13. Attack by an ally

  1. Ally Criticism – Han tells Luke not to get any funny ideas about rescuing the Princess
  2. Hero’s justification – They’ll kill her if we don’t act

14. Apparent defeat

  1. Obi Wan is killed

15. Second revelation and decision: obsessive Drive, Changed desire and motive

  1. Revelation – There is a chance to destroy the death with an almost impossible shot
  2. Decision – Take part  in the assault on the Death Star
  3. Changed desire – destroy the Death Star
  4. Obsessive drive – Han tempts him with the life of an adventurer but he recommits himself to the mission
  5. Changed motive – He must join the Rebellion and save it

16. Audience revelation

  1. There is a tracking device on board the Falcon and the Death Star is coming to destroy the Rebel base

17. Third revelation and decision

  1. Revelation – The Death Star is minutes away from destroying the rebel base
  2. Decision – Unchanged, he still wants to destroy the Death star but the situation is now urgent

18. Gate, Gauntlet, visit to Death

  1. Vader chases Luke down the trench, killing his friend and disabling Artoo trying to destroy him before Luke has a chance to destroy the Death Star “I have you now” (this step happens after the battle)

19. Battle

  1. Luke is almost killed twice during the assault on the Death Star before making the trench run

20. Self revelation

  1. Psychological self revelation – He has within him what it takes to be a hero
  2. Moral self revelation – A hero must be willing to sacrifice everything to save others

21. Moral decision

  1. Uses the force to make the shot

22. New Equilibrium

  1. Luke is a hero and the Force is with him
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Star Wars A new hope Save the Cat beat sheet


Star Wars Save the Cat beat sheet

Opening image

Tiny rebel ship verses the might of the gigantic Empire

Theme Stated

“Help me Obi Wan Kenobi, you’re my only hope”

The situation is dire, a hero is needed before all is lost.

Set up

Two droids escape with plans and land on the same planet as Luke, the farmer


Buys two droids which have a hidden message


“You can waste time with your friends once your chores are done”

Obi Wan asks him to learn the ways of the Jedi but he refuses

Break into Two

Mos Eisley Space port. Luke is completely out of his element. Criminals want to fight him and they have to negotiate a deal with a smuggler.

B story

Luke yearns for adventure at the start of the film and meets Han Solo who lives a life of adventure but Luke believe his morals and ethics are corrupt. Han thinks he’s just a farm boy. They don’t respect each other. Ultimately they will earn each other’s respect. Han will display he is a moral character to Luke and Luke will prove he’s not just some stupid farm boy “Great shot kid that was one in a million”

Fun and Games

Escape tattooine, make Hyperspace, begins Jedi training, Alderaan destroyed,


Captured by death star

Bad guys close in

Leia is to be killed,  They rescue her and barely escape the pursuit by the storm troopers

All is lost

Ben commits a form of seppuku and allows Vader to strike a fatal blow.

Dark night of the soul

Whilst Luke mourns the death of his mentor he must fight an attack of tie fighters and the Empire is tracking them. “It will be a day long remembered, it has seen the end of Obi Wan, it will soon see the end of the rebellion.”

Break into three

After analyzing the plans they devise an attack which requires a near impossible shot from an x-wing. Ticking clock introduced here in the form of the death star coming into range from behind Planet Yavin

Gathering the team

Pilots board their X wings, Artoo installed on board, Han asked to join but refuses. All fighters call in, Red five standing by.

Executing plan

Dog fights with tie fighters over the death star and attempts at making the shot on the exhaust port. It’s not easy and rebels are killed, Luke is nearly killed twice

High tower surprise

The team leader makes the shot but it just impacts on the surface (No Princess – the symbolic reward) and then he’s killed

Dig down deep

Luke has to step up and be the one who makes the shot. He loses his wingmen and Artto and is the Rebels only hope.

Execution of new plan

Use the force Luke. He’s going to attempt the shot without targeting computers. Han shoots the fighters on Luke’s tail and Luke makes the shot.

Final Image

Luke has been transformed into the honored hero and the rebellion rejoices


The Empire strikes back/Return of the Jedi Breakdown